What is biohazardous waste?

Biohazardous waste is material suspected to contain pathogens (bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi) in sufficient concentration or quantity to cause disease in susceptible hosts. This category includes:

  • waste contaminated with blood or other body fluids
  • cultures and stocks of infectious agents from laboratory work
  • waste from infected patients in isolation wards.

Source: WHO Waste Management Compendium: Self management of wastes from healthcare activities second edition

What is the difference between Biohazardous waste, Hazardous waste and Regulated Medical Waste?

Generally the terms Biohazardous Waste and Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) are used interchangeably. RMW being prevalent in the US and being used interchangeably with the term Red Bag Waste. Biohazardous waste as a term is prevalent in Europe and Asia and may be seen to be used interchangeably with Yellow Bag waste.

Hazardous waste on the other hand has a specific separate definition under the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) regulations, and may contain or be contaminated by chemicals, toxins,  heavy metals and other contaminants dangerous to the environment and public health.

These waste streams are strictly regulated and must never be mixed in disposal. Hazardous waste must be segregated and disposed of according to relevant regulations.

What does Biohazardous waste typically comprise?

Some examples of Biohazardous waste items are listed here. Please contact with us for more information.

  • Syringes / Sharps, Scalpels
  • Tissues, Cultures & Lab Waste
  • Dialyzers
  • Discarded Surgical Gloves
  • Surgical tubing
  • Bandages, swabs & dressings
  • Test tubes, Empty drug vials
  • Medical glassware
  • Blood bags
  • Infectious and pathological material
What is not included in Biohazardous waste?

The WHO and local bodies regulating the segregation of medical waste exclude chemical, pharmaceutical and cytotoxic waste which must be managed under their strict rules and procedures.

Standard recyclables i.e. non-hazardous general waste also should be segregated out at source.

Contact your local authorities.


What are the major sources of healthcare waste?

Major sources of Healthcare Waste include:


Health-care facilities

Related Laboratories and research centres

Mortuary and autopsy centres

Animal research and testing

Blood banks and blood collection services

Nursing homes for the elderly


What is the capacity of the Envetec 200 Series?

The volume capacity of the Envetec 200 unit is 53 US gallons or 200 ltrs.

The maximum load weight is 110 lbs or 50 kg.

The recommended sharps container volume is in the USA, up to eight 4 quart sharps containers or in Europe, up to eight 4 ltr sharps containers.

Recommended waste bag weight is 33 lbs or 15 kg.

How long does a treatment cycle take?

The average cycle time is 16-20 mintues depending on the type and amount of waste loaded. 

What's required for installation of Envetec Unit

Suitable internal location at ambient temperature with: 

- Potable cold water supply

- Access to sewer drain

- 3 phase electrical power

- Ethernet connection

Does the Envetec unit emit steam or vapors?

No, the Envetec unit is a non-thermal treatment system.

Is the Envetec system noisy?

No, the Envetec system is designed to run well below OSHA noise level guidelines.